Even without a big area in your compound, you can easily learn how to design a small home garden. But before you start gardening, digging, sowing, and seeking the best vegetable, make sure you have a plan.
Below are a few tips on how to design a small home garden.
1. Select a good area that receives sufficient sunlight every day
The first tip on how to design a small home garden is choosing a good location. Pick an area that gets at least six hours of sun every day. Keep in mind that most vegetables and flowers need full sunlight to grow properly. Therefore, go for the brightest area in your compound.
If you can’t locate an area that receives full sunlight, pick flowers and vegetables that can grow well in the shade.
2. Go for a place you can easily access
Another important tip on how to design a small home garden is choosing a place where you can easily access. A good area is one that you can see from your kitchen, home office, or dinning room window. Your garden should not be in an area that is challenging to see or access.
3. Choose an area that is close to a water source
Water supply is essential when designing your home garden. Therefore, pick a place that is near a hose attachment or has a natural water source. This will ensure the soil remains moist for your plants. If it is impossible to place the small garden directly by the water source, ensure it is as close as possible.
4. Measure the garden space
Another essential tip on how to design a small home garden is to know the measurements of the garden. This will help to determine the number and type of plants you need.
5. Select seeds and plants
What do you want to plant? Do you plan to plant cabbages, tomatoes or cucumbers? You need to know there are plants that do well when they start from seeds and there are those that are doing well as mature plants.
Do a bit of research to determine the best route to take. Also, check the climate, your garden size, and the source of water before choosing seeds and plants.
6. Mix edible and ornamental plants in your garden
Even if you aim to grow edible plants, make sure you have ornamental plants as well. This will make the garden healthy and attractive. Therefore, go for plants with different leaf shapes.
Some of the ornamental plants you can mix with vegetables include hibiscus, hostas, salvia, sedum, and allium among others.
7. Select combat varieties of plants
Another great tip on how to design a small home garden is choosing compact varieties of good plants. Some of the common vegetables you can consider are tomatoes, cucumbers, squash, and zucchini among others.
Avoid planting fruit trees and other plants that they are hard to maintain. Most of the fruit trees need a lot of care and they will take away nutrients from other plants.
8. Embrace companion planting
To reduce nutrients competition, you need to consider companion planting. By planting tomatoes with basil or pair garden vegetables with marigolds, you will be able to manage pests and reduce nutrients competition.
Also, place small plants in between the larger ones. But ensure all the plants you pick are compatible with each other.
Other plants you can pair with each other are tomatoes with dill, sage with broccoli, rosemary with kale, sage next to turnips, and many others.
9. You can include trellises or fences to help the plants
To help most of the plants grow vertically, you can have a fence or trellis. This will support the plants and ensure they get enough light throughout the day. Therefore, do not place a trellis or a fence somewhere it can cast shade.
A fence or a trellis will be perfect for plants such as beans, peas, tomatoes, and squashes. Also, you can use containers or shelves when growing flowing plants.
10. Engage your local gardening store
The last tip on how to design a small home garden is contacting your local gardening store. This will ensure you are on the right track. Learn about the plants, the climate, and any additions to the garden. Also, get inspirations from the internet, magazine, and other materials.